The 100-Year History of Self-Driving Cars

What the long history of the autonomous vehicle reveals about its fast-approaching future

Vintage illustration of a family of four playing a board game, while their futuristic electric car automatically drives itself, 1957. Image: GraphicaArtis/Getty Images
A new Google self-driving car is on display at Google X in Mountain View, California on May 13, 2015. Photo: Kim Kulish/Getty Images
Pilot models of the Uber self-driving car are displayed at the Uber Advanced Technologies Center on September 13, 2016 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Photo: AFP/Stringer/Getty Images
From Ghost Road: Beyond the Driverless Car published by W. W. Norton & Company. © 2020 by Anthony M. Townsend

Forecaster and urban planner —