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OneZero
The undercurrents of the future. A publication from Medium about technology and people.

General Intelligence

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General Intelligence

The authors of the image dataset that changed the world have made one long-overdue tweak

ImageNet is arguably the most important dataset in recent A.I. history. It’s a collection of millions of images that were compiled in 2009 to test a simple idea: If a computer vision algorithm had more examples to learn from, would it be more accurate? Were the underperforming algorithms of the day simply starved for data?

To encourage others to test the same hypothesis, the authors of ImageNet started a competition to see who could train the most accurate algorithm using the dataset. By 2012, results from the academic competition had attracted the full attention of tech industry giants, who began…


General Intelligence

States still haven’t matched Illinois’ 2008 biometric privacy law

Photo illustration source: Boston Globe/Getty Images

Though most Americans have likely never heard of it, Illinois’ 12-year-old Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA) has proven itself to be the country’s strongest legal barrier against the unfettered collection of fingerprint, iris, voice, and facial recognition data.

Other states have taken notice. California’s Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) included biometric data in its broad set of privacy protections when it went into effect in 2020, and just last week Virginia passed its own data privacy act, which experts say is largely modeled on California’s. …


General Intelligence

The team purposely excluded Instagram images from the European Union, likely because of GDPR

Photo illustration source: Alexander Koerner/Stringer/Getty Images

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

Facebook researchers announced a breakthrough yesterday: They have trained a “self-supervised” algorithm using 1 billion Instagram images, proving that the algorithm doesn’t need human-labeled images to learn to accurately recognize objects.

Typically, the most accurate image recognition algorithms require humans to label images as containing dogs, horses, people, or any other subject, and then the algorithm can find similarities between images humans have indicated contain the same objects. Facebook’s chief A.I. scientist Yann LeCun has been on a mission to change…


General Intelligence

International regulators have found Clearview AI’s technology breaches their privacy laws

Illustration. Photo: Mark Wilson/Getty Images

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

Clearview AI plans to challenge an Illinois law guarding against private facial recognition databases in the Supreme Court, according to Bloomberg Law.

The Illinois’ Biometric Information Privacy Act (BIPA) has been a thorn in the side of tech giants like Google, Facebook, and Apple for years, as it prohibits the collection of data like facial recognition images, fingerprints, and iris scans without explicit consent. Workers at conglomerate Del Monte Foods even used the law to challenge a facial recognition time-clock system.


General Intelligence

People’s facial expressions line up with their emotions less than half the time

Photo illustration source: ozgurdonmaz/Getty Images

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

Facial recognition isn’t just for verifying a person’s identity. In recent years, researchers and startups have focused on other ways to apply the technology, like emotion recognition, which tries to read facial expressions to understand what a person is feeling.

For instance, Find Solution AI, a company based in Hong Kong that was recently featured in CNN Business, is selling its technology to schools and colleges, where it scans students’ faces and monitors their feelings in virtual classrooms. …


General Intelligence

A new paper sheds light on the industry’s troubling relationship with the global gig economy

Photo illustration; Image source: metamorworks/Getty Images

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

Modern artificial intelligence relies on algorithms processing millions of examples or images or text. A picture of a bird in an A.I. dataset would be manually tagged “bird” so that the algorithm associated aspects of that image with the category “bird.”

The process of tagging this data, by hand, scaled to the millions, is time-consuming and mind-numbingly monotonous.

Much of this work is done outside the United States and other Western countries and exploits workers from around the world, according to…


General Intelligence

Andy Jassy is a member of the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence

On July 1, Amazon will have a new CEO. Andy Jassy, who is replacing Jeff Bezos, helped build the company’s cloud business from scratch, cementing its servers as a cornerstone of the internet.

But not all of Jassy’s work has been inside Amazon. The incoming CEO is also a commissioner on the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI), which was created by Congress in 2018 to advise on how best to use A.I. for war and defense.

The commission is now approaching its final report, which will be submitted to Congress as official recommendations from the 15 commissioners. The…


GENERAL INTELLIGENCE

The algorithms also picked up on racial biases linking Black people to weapons

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

Bias in artificial intelligence is notoriously problematic. Facial recognition algorithms have been found to more frequently misidentify people with darker skin; identified poor people as high-risk and less eligible for public services; and have recommended resources to healthier white people before recommending the same resources to sicker Black people.

Now, new research shows that similar racial, gender, and intersectional biases are “automatically” learned by popular computer vision algorithms when learning from a popular image dataset, according to a paper from Carnegie…


GENERAL INTELLIGENCE

Could Google and Facebook’s algorithms be next?

Photo: Images By Tang Ming Tung/Getty Images

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

In 2019, an investigation by NBC News revealed that photo storage app Ever had quietly siphoned billions of its users’ photos to train facial recognition algorithms.

Pictures of people’s friends and families, which they had thought were private, were in fact being used to train algorithms that Ever then sold to law enforcement and the U.S. military.

Two years later, the Federal Trade Commission has now made an example of parent company Everalbum, which has since rebranded to be named Paravision…


General Intelligence

DALL-E can create images based on text descriptions alone

Image source: xia yuan/Getty Images

OneZero’s General Intelligence is a roundup of the most important artificial intelligence and facial recognition news of the week.

OpenAI is earning a reputation for building some of the A.I. industry’s most futuristic prototypes.

The Microsoft-backed research outfit is now led by Y Combinator founder Sam Altman. …

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